Pediatric Critical Care is concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that requires organ support and invasive monitoring. Critical care treatment raises issues that includes psychological health; pressure points; mobilisation and physiotherapy; and secondary infections. Critical care is provided to the children whose condition is potentially reversible and who have a good chance of surviving with intensive care support. A prime imperative for admission to an emergency unit is that the basic condition can be overcome. Convenient diagnosis and initiation of treatment are required in order to counteract unnecessary increases in patient morbidity and mortality.