Neonatal nursing generally encompasses care for those infants who experience problems shortly after birth; yet it additionally includes care for infants who experience long-term problems related to their illness or prematurity after birth. Advancement in neonatal surgery; anesthesia; and intensive care have enhanced the result for neonates with consolidated surgical conditions as well as for those preterm newborn children with consolidated medicinal and surgical issues. Infants with surgical issues may remain in the neonatal care setting for weeks or months; and giving continuous nursing consideration can challenge however fulfilling. The most commonly used technique in neonatal intensive care unit and delivery room during resuscitation is tracheal incubation. Various methods like clinical sign; chest radiography; capnography; external digital tracheal palpation; ultrasonography; respiratory functional monitor; video-laryngoscope and fiberoptic devices are used for confirming the position of endotracheal tube.